Effects of ergonomics intervention on work accidents in the construction sector and their effect on productivity

  • Ia Asih Universitas Mercu Buana, Indonesia
  • Indra Setiawan ASTRA Polytechnic, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3306-7052
  • Hernadewita Hernadewita Universitas Mercu Buana, Indonesia
  • Hendra Hendra Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa, Indonesia
Abstract views: 294 , PDF downloads: 805
Keywords: Construction, Ergonomics, Productivity, SEM PLS, Work accident


Construction services are one of the most important and strategic sectors supporting the achievement of development in Indonesia. Through this sector, Indonesia can experience stable economic growth. In 2020, accidents in the construction sector were the highest cases compared to other sectors, with a death rate of more than 60,000 cases annually. The role of Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) Management and the application of its requirements when working at heights is crucial to protect against the dangers of work accidents due to high risk. This study aims to determine the relationship between the factors that affect work accidents in the construction sector and their effect on Productivity moderated by ergonomics. This research was conducted by analyzing surveys from work-at-height workers in the construction sector, with 107 respondents from projects in Jakarta. The data analysis method used is Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) based on non-covariance, namely Partial Least Square (PLS). Data analysis using Smart PLS 3.0 software. The results show that Ergonomics has no direct effect on Productivity, with p-value 0.313. Work Accidents do not directly affect Productivity with p-value 0.333. OHS Management does not directly affect Work Accidents with p-value 0.013. OHS Management has a direct effect on Productivity with p-value 0.000. Application of OHS Requirements has a direct effect on Work Accidents with p-value 0.527. Application of OHS Requirements has a direct effect on Productivity with p-value 0.001 and Application of OHS Requirements through Ergonomics has no direct effect on Productivity with p-value 0.000.


Download data is not yet available.


G. Biswas, A. Bhattacharya, and R. Bhattacharya, “Occupational health status of construction workers: A review,” Int. J. Med. Sci. Public Heal., vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 1–7, 2017, doi: https://doi.org/10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0745302112016.

M. K. Buniya, I. Othman, R. Y. Sunindijo, A. F. Kineber, E. Mussi, and H. Ahmad, “Barriers to safety program implementation in the construction industry,” Ain Shams Eng. J., vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 65–72, Mar. 2021, doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asej.2020.08.002.

D. Sukamani and J. Wang, “Sem model for investigating factor of an accident affecting safety performance in construction sites in Nepal,” Eng. Lett., vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 141–153, 2020. Available: http://www.engineeringletters.com/issues_v28/issue_3/EL_28_3_17.pdf.

D. Armbruster, “Accuracy Controls,” Clin. Lab. Med., vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 125–137, Mar. 2013, doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cll.2012.10.002.

G. Çetinkaya, “Work Stress, Perception of Job Safety, and Job Satisfaction of Rope Access Technicians and the Relationship between Them,” Mediterr. J. Humanit., vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 125–132, Dec. 2017, doi: https://doi.org/10.13114/MJH.2017.352.

S. Winge and E. Albrechtsen, “Accident types and barrier failures in the construction industry,” Saf. Sci., vol. 105, no. November 2017, pp. 158–166, Jun. 2018, doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2018.02.006.

H. Chen and X. Luo, “Severity Prediction Models of Falling Risk for Workers at Height,” Procedia Eng., vol. 164, no. June, pp. 439–445, 2016, doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2016.11.642.

N. Z. Muhamad Zaini, M. A. Mat Salleh, M. Fikri Hasmori, and N. Haslinda Abas, “Effect of Accident Due to Fall From Height at Construction Sites in Malaysia,” in IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, May 2020, vol. 498, no. 1, p. 012106, doi: https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/498/1/012106.

O. Williams, R. Adul Hamid, M. Saidin Misnan, and O. Samuel, “Analysis of Fatal Building Construction Accidents: Cases and Causes Construction accident prevention View project Safety Culture View project Analysis of Fatal Building Construction Accidents: Cases and Causes,” 2017. Available: http://www.jmest.org/wp-content/uploads/JMESTN42352371.pdf.

N. A. Amirah, A. Amin, S. Muda, W. I. W. Talaat, and N. M. N. N. M. Rashid, “Relationship Between Behavioral Aspects and Safety Culture in the Peninsular Malaysia Manufacturing Industry,” World Appl. Sci. J., vol. 35, no. 9, pp. 1880–1884, 2017. Available: https://www.idosi.org/wasj/wasj35(9)17/34.pdf.

G. M. M. Reddy, B. Nisha, T. Prabhushankar, and V. Vishwambhar, “Musculoskeletal morbidity among construction workers: A cross-sectional community-based study,” Indian J. Occup. Environ. Med., vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 144–149, 2016, doi: https://doi.org/10.4103/0019-5278.203134.

B. Fernández-Muñiz, J. M. Montes-Peón, and C. J. Vázquez-Ordás, “Safety leadership, risk management and safety performance in Spanish firms,” Saf. Sci., vol. 70, no. 1, pp. 295–307, Dec. 2014, doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2014.07.010.

S. P. Dozzi and S. M. AbouRizk, Productivity in Construction, 1st ed. Ottawa: National Research Council Canada, 1993. Available: https://books.google.co.id/books?id=sEpfAAAACAAJ.

D. G. Collings and G. T. Wood, Human Resource Management, 1st ed. London: Routledge, 2009. doi: https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203876336

Organization World Health, “COVID-19: Occupational health and safety for health workers: interim guidance, 2 February 2021,” 2021. https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/WHO-2019-nCoV-HCW_advice-2021-1.

X. S. Dong, J. A. Largay, S. D. Choi, X. Wang, C. T. Cain, and N. Romano, “Fatal falls and PFAS use in the construction industry: Findings from the NIOSH FACE reports,” Accid. Anal. Prev., vol. 102, pp. 136–143, May 2017, doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2017.02.028.

K.-Y. Kao, C. Spitzmueller, K. Cigularov, and C. L. Thomas, “Linking safety knowledge to safety behaviours: a moderated mediation of supervisor and worker safety attitudes,” Eur. J. Work Organ. Psychol., vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 206–220, Mar. 2019, doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/1359432X.2019.1567492.

H. Zahoor, A. P. C. Chan, F. Arain, G. Ran, and W. P. Utama, “An analytical review of occupational safety research in Pakistan construction industry,” Int. J. Constr. Proj. Manag., vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 125–140, 2016. Available: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/311545331.

M. Bayram, “Factors affecting employee safety productivity: an empirical study in an OHSAS 18001-certified organization,” Int. J. Occup. Saf. Ergon., vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 139–152, Jan. 2022, doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/10803548.2020.1739892.

A., Haslinda, S. Saharudin, N. H. Roslan, and R. Mohamed, “Safety Training, Company Policy and Communication for Effective Accident Management,” Int. J. Acad. Res. Bus. Soc. Sci., vol. 6, no. 9, pp. 141–158, Sep. 2016, doi: https://doi.org/10.6007/IJARBSS/v6-i9/2302.

R. Kaynak, A. Tuygun Toklu, M. Elci, and I. Tamer Toklu, “Effects of Occupational Health and Safety Practices on Organizational Commitment, Work Alienation, and Job Performance: Using the PLS-SEM Approach,” Int. J. Bus. Manag., vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 146–156, Apr. 2016, doi: https://doi.org/10.5539/ijbm.v11n5p146.

A. M. Dale, D. Ryan, L. Welch, M. A. Olsen, B. Buchholz, and B. Evanoff, “Comparison of musculoskeletal disorder health claims between construction floor layers and a general working population,” Occup. Environ. Med., vol. 72, no. 1, pp. 15–20, Jan. 2015, doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2014-102313.

S. Ahmed, “Causes and effects of accident at construction site: A study for the construction industry in Bangladesh,” Int. J. Sustain. Constr. Eng. Technol., vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 18–40, 2019. Available: https://publisher.uthm.edu.my/ojs/index.php/IJSCET/article/view/4499.

O. Damaj, M. Fakhreddine, M. Lahoud, and F. Hamzeh, “Implementing ergonomics in construction to improve work performance,” in IGLC 2016 - 24th Annual Conference of the International Group for Lean Construction, 2016, no. July, pp. 53–62. Available: https://www.iglc.net/Papers/Details/1301.

A. Febiyani, A. Febriani, and J. Ma’sum, “Calculation of mental load from e-learning student with NASA TLX and SOFI method,” J. Sist. dan Manaj. Ind., vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 35–42, Jun. 2021, doi: https://doi.org/10.30656/jsmi.v5i1.2789.

J. Chin, Herlina, H. Iridiastadi, L. Shu-Chiang, and S. Fadil Persada, “Workload Analysis by Using Nordic Body Map, Borg RPE and NIOSH Manual Lifting Equation Analyses: a Case Study in Sheet Metal Industry,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser., vol. 1424, no. 1, p. 012047, Dec. 2019, doi: https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1424/1/012047.

M. Mazlina Zaira and B. H. W. Hadikusumo, “Structural equation model of integrated safety intervention practices affecting the safety behaviour of workers in the construction industry,” Saf. Sci., vol. 98, pp. 124–135, Oct. 2017, doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2017.06.007.

L. Eka Putri, E. Rimawan, and A. Setyadi, “The Relationship of Job Satisfaction, Flexible Working Arrangements and Employee Performance using SEM-PLS and FIMIX-PLS: A Case Study of Employees in Insurance Company,” Nat. Volatiles Essent. Oils, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 10978–10991, 2021. Available: https://www.nveo.org/index.php/journal/article/view/2487.

K. K. K. Wong, Mastering Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modeling (Pls-Sem) with Smartpls in 38 Hours. iUniverse, 2019. Available: https://books.google.co.id/books?id=hG-KDwAAQBAJ.

J. Guzman, G. A. Recoco, A. W. Pandi, J. M. Padrones, and J. J. Ignacio, “Evaluating workplace safety in the oil and gas industry during the COVID-19 pandemic using occupational health and safety Vulnerability Measure and partial least square Structural Equation Modelling,” Clean. Eng. Technol., vol. 6, p. 100378, Feb. 2022, doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clet.2021.100378.

V. Silaparasetti, G. V. R. Srinivasarao, and F. R. Khan, “Structural Equation Modeling Analysis Using Smart Pls To Assess the Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) Factors on Workers’Behavior,” Humanit. Soc. Sci. Rev., vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 88–97, Jul. 2017, doi: https://doi.org/10.18510/hssr.2017.524.

H. Widhiastuti, G. Yuliasih, and Y. Kurniawan, “Implementation of occupational health and safety management system in human resources development to improve performance,” in Emerging Trends in Psychology, Law, Communication Studies, Culture, Religion, and Literature in the Global Digital Revolution, London ; New York : Routledge, [2020]: Routledge, 2020, pp. 102–106. doi: https://doi.org/10.1201/9780429322259-23

J. Suárez-Albanchez, J. J. Blazquez-Resino, S. Gutierrez-Broncano, and P. Jimenez-Estevez, “Occupational Health and Safety, Organisational Commitment, and Turnover Intention in the Spanish IT Consultancy Sector,” Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, vol. 18, no. 11, p. 5658, May 2021, doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18115658.

S. Liu, E. N. K. Nkrumah, L. S. Akoto, E. Gyabeng, and E. Nkrumah, “The State of Occupational Health and Safety Management Frameworks (OHSMF) and Occupational Injuries and Accidents in the Ghanaian Oil and Gas Industry: Assessing the Mediating Role of Safety Knowledge,” Biomed Res. Int., vol. 2020, pp. 1–14, Mar. 2020, doi: https://doi.org/10.1155/2020/6354895.

P. A. Michaud, Accident Prevention and OSHA Compliance. CRC Press, 1995. Available: https://books.google.co.id/books?id=pEwPEAAAQBAJ.

D. P. Restuputri, M. C. Huda, and A. Mubin, “Work Safety Aspects using A Partipatory Ergonomic Approach,” Spektrum Ind., vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 15–28, Apr. 2021, doi: https://doi.org/10.12928/si.v19i1.18112.

D. Sofyan and Amir, “Determination of Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs) complaints level with Nordic Body Map (NBM),” IOP Conf. Ser. Mater. Sci. Eng., vol. 505, no. 1, p. 012033, May 2019, doi: https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/505/1/012033.

O. Thompson, P. A. Bourne, B. Dixon, L. G. Largie, V. Miller-burton, and M. Charles, “Do Occupational Health and Safety Measures Influence Job Productivity in a Manufacturing Company in Jamaica ?,” Int. J. Humanit. Soc. Sci. Insights Transform., vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 54–116, 2020. Available: http://art.eurekajournals.com/index.php/IJHSSIT/article/view/236.

R. M. Choudhry, “Achieving safety and productivity in construction projects,” J. Civ. Eng. Manag., vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 311–318, Nov. 2015, doi: https://doi.org/10.3846/13923730.2015.1068842.

S. Jiang, H. Shi, W. Lin, and H.-C. Liu, “A large group linguistic Z-DEMATEL approach for identifying key performance indicators in hospital performance management,” Appl. Soft Comput., vol. 86, p. 105900, Jan. 2020, doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asoc.2019.105900.

S. Lyu, C. Hon, A. Chan, F. Wong, and A. Javed, “Relationships among Safety Climate, Safety Behavior, and Safety Outcomes for Ethnic Minority Construction Workers,” Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 1–16, Mar. 2018, doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15030484.

M. R. A. Martiano and D. A. Soekiman, “The Effect of Occupational Health and Safety, Work Accidents and Skills of Construction Workers on the Quality of Life of Construction Industry Workers in Indonesia,” Int. J. Acad. Res. Econ. Manag. Sci., vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 1–4, Mar. 2021, doi: https://doi.org/10.6007/IJAREMS/v10-i1/8868.

PlumX Metrics

How to Cite
I. Asih, I. Setiawan, H. Hernadewita, and H. Hendra, “Effects of ergonomics intervention on work accidents in the construction sector and their effect on productivity”, j. sist. manaj. ind., vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 44-55, Jun. 2022.
Research Article