Perbandingan Penentuan Waktu Baku Menggunakan Metode Time Study dan Critical Path Method (CPM)

  • Suci Miranda Universitas Islam Indonesia
  • Wawan Tripiawan Telkom University
Abstract views: 285 , PDF downloads: 127

Abstract

Increased technological developments encourage companies or industries to be able to increase their productivity. Increased productivity can do with improvements in each process carried out following the standard time set to complete an activity. This study aims to compare the usual time in the production process of MP YST Revo at a metal casting company using the time study method and the Critical Path Method (CPM) approach. Both methods process the same information for the duration of each recorded activity and allowance. The time study calculates the standard time of the production process by considering allowances, while the CPM uses completion time and final coefficient where the sum of the duration of each activity entering the critical path becomes completion time. Based on four observations, the average of the 30-minute allowance obtained, and the average observed time is 450.05 minutes, and the CPM gives a faster completion time of 341.4 minutes. The standard time to use CPM offers a difference of about 2 hours faster than a time study.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Suci Miranda, Universitas Islam Indonesia
Department of Industrial Engineering with "A" accreditation
Wawan Tripiawan, Telkom University
Fakultas Rekayasa Industri

References

[1] M. Akansel, B. Yagmahan, and E. Emel, “Determination of standard times for process improvement: A case study,” Glob. J. Business, Econ. Manag. Curr. Issues, vol. 7, no. 1, p. 62, Jun. 2017, doi: 10.18844/gjbem.v7i1.1876.

[2] E. Houshyar and I. J. Kim, “Understanding musculoskeletal disorders among Iranian apple harvesting laborers: Ergonomic and stop watch time studies,” Int. J. Ind. Ergon., 2018, doi:10.1016/j.ergon.2018.04.007.

[3] C. Duran, A. Cetindere, and Y. E. Aksu, “Productivity improvement by work and time study technique for earth energy-glass manufacturing company,” Procedia Econ. Financ., vol. 26, pp. 109–113, 2015, doi:10.1016/S2212-5671(15)00887-4.

[4] F. Asche, K. H. Roll, and R. Tveteras, “Innovations and Productivity Performance in Salmon Aquaculture,” Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012, pp. 620–627, doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-33980-6_66.

[5] A. L. T. Novaes, G. J. P. O. de Andrade, A. dos S. Alonço, and A. R. M. Magalhães, “Operational performance in aquaculture: A case study of the manual harvesting of cultivated mussels,” Aquac. Eng., 2019, doi: 10.1016/j.aquaeng.2018.12.006.

[6] E. Saurman et al., “Assessing Program Efficiency: A Time and Motion Study of the Mental Health Emergency Care — Rural Access Program in NSW Australia,” Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, vol. 11, no. 8, pp. 7678–7689, Jul. 2014, doi: 10.3390/ijerph110807678.

[7] A. P. Puvanasvaran, C. Z. Mei, and V. A. Alagendran, “Overall equipment efficiency improvement using time study in an aerospace industry,” in Procedia Engineering, 2013, vol. 68, pp. 271–277, doi: 10.1016/j.proeng.2013.12.179.

[8] F. Nabi, R. Mahmud, and M. M. Islam, “Improving Sewing Section Efficiency through Utilization of Worker Capacity by Time Study Technique,” Int. J. Text. Sci., vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 1–8, 2015, doi: 10.5923/j.textile.20150401.01.

[9] J. R. Stewart and F. E. Meyers, Motion Time Study for Lean Manufacturing. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 2002. available at: Google Scholar.

[10] W. Sritomo, Ergonomi Studi Gerak dan Waktu. Surabaya: Guna Widya, 2003. available at: Google Scholar.

[11] K. B. Faria, A. C. D. S. G. dos Santos, L. A. Mendonça, A. D. C. Reis, and S. A. F. Salles, “Influencing factors analysis to determine standard time of operators in a gauge calibration process,” Indep. J. Manag. Prod., vol. 9, no. 5, p. 589, Jul. 2018, doi:10.14807/ijmp.v9i5.811.

[12] K. Y. Ferreira García, J. de la Riva Rodriguez, J. Sánchez Leal, R. M. Reyes-Martínez, and A. W. Prieto, “Determination of Allowance Time by Work Sampling and Heart Rate in Manufacturing Plant in Juárez México,” J. Eng., vol. 2019, pp. 1–6, Mar. 2019, doi: 10.1155/2019/1316734.

[13] M. Radujković and M. Sjekavica, “Project Management Success Factors,” Procedia Eng., vol. 196, pp. 607–615, 2017, doi: 10.1016/j.proeng.2017.08.048.

[14] C. E. M. Serra and M. Kunc, “Benefits Realisation Management and its influence on project success and on the execution of business strategies,” Int. J. Proj. Manag., vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 53–66, Jan. 2015, doi:10.1016/j.ijproman.2014.03.011.

[15] M. F. Nagata, W. A. Manginelli, S. Lowe, and T. J. Trauner, Construction delays. available at: Google Scholar .

[16] E. Forcael, V. González, F. Orozco, A. Opazo, Á. Suazo, and P. Aránguiz, “Application of Problem-Based Learning to Teaching the Critical Path Method,” J. Prof. Issues Eng. Educ. Pract., vol. 141, no. 3, p. 04014016, Jul. 2015, doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)EI.1943-5541.0000236.

[17] D. Satyanegara and F. Nurunnajmi, “Penjadwalan proyek pembangunan jaringan distribusi listrik perdesaan,” J. Organ. Dan Manaj., vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 30–39, 2017. available at: http://www.ilp.ut.ac.id/index.php/JOM/article/view/425.

[18] A. Nalhadi and N. Suntana, “Analisa Infrastruktur Desa Sukaci-Baros Dengan Metode Critical Path Method (CPM),” J. Sist. dan Manaj. Ind., vol. 1, no. 1, p. 35, Aug. 2017,doi :10.30656/jsmi.v1i1.167.

[19] D. A. Saputra M, E. Satria, and G. A. Pandy, “Optimalisasi Proses Perakitan Pesawat Tanpa Awak dengan Metoda Critical Path Methods (CPM),” J. Optimasi Sist. Ind., vol. 15, no. 1, p. 87, 2017, doi: 10.25077/josi.v15.n1.p87-92.2016.

[20] K. B. Zandin, MOST work measurement systems. CRC press, 2002. available at: Google Scholar.

[21] S. A. Kumar and N. Suresh, Production and operations management. New delhi: New Age International, 2006. available at: Google Scholar.

[22] L. S. Aft, Work measurement and methods improvement. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2000. available at: Google Scholar.

[23] P. M. Institute and A. N. S. Institute, “A guide to the project management body of knowledge,” 2008. available at: Google Scholar.

[24] M. E. Shehata and K. M. El-Gohary, “Towards improving construction labor productivity and projects’ performance,” Alexandria Eng. J., vol. 50, no. 4, pp. 321–330, Dec. 2011, doi: 10.1016/J.AEJ.2012.02.001.

Published
2019-07-31
How to Cite
Miranda, S., & Tripiawan, W. (2019). Perbandingan Penentuan Waktu Baku Menggunakan Metode Time Study dan Critical Path Method (CPM). Jurnal Sistem Dan Manajemen Industri, 3(1), 19-30. https://doi.org/10.30656/jsmi.v3i1.1418
Section
Articles