Author Guidelines

Thank you for choosing to submit your paper to us. These instructions will ensure we have everything required so your paper can move through peer review, production and publication smoothly. Please take the time to read and follow them as closely as possible, as doing so will ensure your paper matches the journal’s requirements.

1. Manuscript was written for Sawala: Jurnal Administrasi Negara include research outcomes, field research or   literary research, and articles reflecting sociopolitical phenomena

2. Manuscript is written in English, typed using Microsoft Word program on A4 paper, Width 21 cm and Height 29,7 cm.  A typical paper for this journal should be between 6000 and 7000 words , inclusive of the abstract, tables, references, figure captions, endnotes. Words in Palatino Linotype size 12 pts and space 1.

Authors should ensure that submitted manuscripts are well presented, including the following:
• Papers should be uploaded as a MS Word file.
• The text should be left justified, and in 12-point Palatino Linotype font.
• Paragraphs should be no shorter than three sentences.
• Manuscripts are accepted in Indonesian and English.
• Manuscripts should be prepared in line with the American Psychological Association (APA) Publication Manual 7th edition, with the exception of any advice provided in these Instructions for Authors or by the Editor.
• Article titles should be no longer than 14 words. Titles should clearly and accurately reflect the content of the paper or the major finding. “Catchy” titles or ones that include a participant quote should be avoided. There is substantial evidence that these kinds of titles impact adversely on readers being able to find the article through an online search, and diminish the likelihood that the paper will be cited. Search engine optimisation (SEO) is a means of making your article more visible to anyone who might be looking for it.

The writing guidelines attach here

3. The writing system for research outcome consists of:


The title should not exceed 14 words, typed in bold with a centered capital letter in 14 pts.

Name of the author

The name is written without any academic degree, followed by the name of the author’s institution and email. In case the manuscript is written by the team, the editor is only in contact with the main author or the first-mentioned author. The main author must include his/her correspondence address or email.

Abstract with keywords

The length of the abstract is around 150-200 words, while the limit of keywords is 3-5 words. The abstract must contain the aim, methods, and results of the article.


The introduction should contain the general background and research question or hypothesis. If there is a literature review, it can be included in this chapter.

The literature cited should reflect both an Indonesian and international audience, and it should provide an argument or rationale for the relevance and significance of the study. If relevant, the literature should also be used to explain the theoretical perspective or paradigm that informs the study, and any key concepts or terminology should be adequately described and explained. Generally, papers should be written using third person voice. On occasions, first person and active voice may be appropriate, for example in reporting some qualitative, feminist or action research but the choice of voice should be made in order to demonstrate the scholarly nature of the research being reported.


The research methods should elaborate on the method utilized in addressing the issues including the method of analysis.

All research papers (including systematic literature reviews) must include a Method section. The method section should explain in clear detail how the study was undertaken, and it should use relevant social work or social science methods and methodology texts to support, justify and conceptualise the methods used.
This section should address:
• The research question and aims aims (as outlined at the end of the introductory section), and how these were achieved using the methods and approach reported in the study.
• Sampling and recruitment – explain what criteria were used to define the sample (any inclusion or exclusion criteria), and explain in social research terms what the sampling method was.
• Methods of data collection (including instruments used) – explain clearly how the data were collected and from what sources. Also explain the final form and scope of data, including any limits and gaps in the data.
• Methods of data analysis – explain clearly the analytical concepts, techniques, steps and methods used. It should be clear to the reader how the analysis was produced, so that any conclusions or insights drawn from the study are persuasive and compelling
• Strategies employed to ensure the rigor of the study (e.g., validity and reliability in quantitative designs, trustworthiness in qualitative designs)

Results and Discussion

The author should explain the results of the research in detail and the discussion section contain results of the research finding and their ensuing discussions.

Results should convey sufficient detail, example and illustration in order to evidence and support arguments and conclusions drawn. Data presented should be contextualised, interpreted and explained. The distinction between data and their interpretation should be clear. Discussion should be logically informed by the findings and other relevant evidence cited. They should demonstrate a critical engagement with the results of the study, and the argument advanced should be compelling and consistent with the study scope and its limitations.


The concluding statement should contain a summary and suggestion. Implications for policy, research, practice, etc should be explained clearly and persuasively. 


All references cited in the text of the article should be written in the bibliography section and using American Psychological Association (APA) style, arranged from A to Z. It should include references obtained from primary sources (consisting of scientific journals amounting to 80% of the entire bibliography) that have been published in the last 10 (ten) years. The remaining 20% may include research articles or research reports (thesis, books, and other relevant publications).

4. Manuscript is to be submitted directly to

5. Tables and figures must have titles and have clear numbers and sources, and be typed in a single space. In the case of pictures or figures, it is better to attach the white-black format.

6. Check each referred article for accuracy and make sure every quoted work in the article is written in the bibliography and references. Works that are not cited but mentioned in the Bibliography or Reference will be omitted by the editor.

7. All manuscripts are anonymously studied by reviewers appointed by the editor according to their expertise. The author is given a chance to revise the manuscript based on the reviewer's or the editor's recommendation/advice. The decision of publication or rejection will be informed through the author's email address.

8. The editor has the right to modify and correct the spelling, writing, and grammar of the published manuscript.

9. Everything related to citing permission or computer software usage in writing the manuscript or any other things related to copyright done by the author, along with all its legal consequences, becomes the author's full responsibility.